Ansible winrm setup

Managing Windows Servers with Ansible is a powerful way to perform configuration management and to remediate configuration skew in a server environment. We will look at what components need to be installed in Ubuntu as well as how the configuration for Kerberos is made in Ansible to utilize Active Directory for connecting via WinRM.

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How do you run this command remotely? There are a couple of ways. Why use Kerberos authentication with Ansible?

ansible winrm setup

If you are managing many server resources in a large environment especially, there are certainly advantages to using Kerberos authentication with Windows Server environments as you leverage the central user authentication that Active Directory supplies to configure and manage your Windows Server resources. There are also trust advantages with WinRM that are built in when using Active Directory credentials. As you will see below, the mechanism to pass the AD credentials with Ansible to the Windows Servers is a bit cumbersome with the kinit command.

However, I still like how the password is handled at this point with a Kerberos ticket instead of a password that is stored or using Ansible vault for YAML files. The following components and order of listing is how I was able to get a successful implementation of Kerberos working in Ubuntu Below is a sample configuration that I have working in my home lab environment for using with Kerberos authentication between my Ansible VM and Windows Server Active Directory.

There area couple of really simple commands that we run on our Ansible box to both get a Kerberos ticket and also list our Kerberos ticket to know we have received one:. You are then prompted to enter a password for the account. In the group variables section of our config for connecting your Ansible control VM to the Windows Servers it is managing, needs to look something like the following:. The password was already entered to receive the valid Kerberos ticket using the kinit command.

Configuring Ansible for use with Kerberos Authentication is the way to go especially in larger Windows Serve r environments where you may have hundreds or thousands of servers.

By leveraging Kerberos authentication you can easily authenticate against these domain joined resources. All in all using Kerberos authentication with a Windows Server environment that is connected to Active Directory is the way to go for ease of use, security, and overall authentication uniformity.

Keep up to date with latest posts!Ansible is an agentless configuration management tool that helps operations teams manage installation, patching, and command execution across a set of servers. Ansible was started as a Linux only solution, leveraging ssh to provide a management channel to a target server.

However, starting at Ansible 1. Exploring all the nuances of enabling remote WinRM and Powershell for a guest OS is far beyond the scope of this article.

Here are links for remote Powershell access [ 12345678 ]. Use the following commands as a smoke test of remote WinRM connectivity from one Windows host to your target Windows host. Now test Kerberos authentication using the OS level Kerberos utilities. We can also check the availability of WinRM on the target host using curl :. Ansible has numerous modules for working with Windows OS. Skip to content Ansible is an agentless configuration management tool that helps operations teams manage installation, patching, and command execution across a set of servers.

These are the additional packages and modules I found necessary for Ubuntu COM mydomain.Ansible is not just for Linux. It can also be used for Windows servers automation. This article will explain how to prepare windows servers for Ansible automation. Ansible uses WinRM protocol to establish a connection with Windows hosts.

Ansible requires PowerShell 3. NET 4. Windows Server R1 will not meet the ansible requirement and mandatory components need to be upgraded. Windows Server R2 and later releases are shipping with all the required components to support ansible.

Passing plain text password via the insecure port is not supported. Please go through this article to learn more about the various WinRM setup. Login to windows server as an administrator and execute the sequence of commands to setup WinRM for Ansible in Powershell.

If you do not have internet connection on the windows host, you can download this PowerShell script and execute it locally. Rename the file extenstion after downloading it. Execute the script in powershell terminal to setup WinRM for Ansible. We have got the ping pong result which confirms that Ansible is able to establish the connection with windows server.

We have successfully configured windows server to support ansible automation. Share it! Comment it!! Be Sociable!! I am trying to do it over credssp. Could you please help I got this error, credssp encrypt the password and then it more secure.

Could you please help and guide me with a step by step guide. Thanks for the solution!!Ansible is increasingly becoming the go-to platform for application deployment, and software provisioning among developers owing to its ease of use and flexibility. In this topic, however, we are going to see how you can manage Windows Host using Ansible. Before anything else, we need to get Ansible installed on the Control node which is the CentOS 8 system.

Firstly, we need to confirm if Python3 is installed. For this exercise, an isolated environment for running and testing Ansible is preferred. This will keep at bay issues such as dependency problems and package conflicts. The isolated environment we are going to create is called a virtual environment. After the creation of the virtual environment, proceed and install Ansible automation tool using pip as shown:. Next, we need to define the Windows host or system on a host file on the Ansible control node.

Therefore, open the default hosts file. Note: The username and password point to the user on the Windows host system. To communicate with Windows hosts, you need to install Winrm. In this section, we are going to configure our Windows 10 remote host system to connect with the Ansible Control node. We are going to install the WinRM listener- short for Windows Remote — which will allow the connection between the Windows host system and the Ansible server.

But before we do so, your Windows host system needs to fulfill a few requirements for the installation to succeed:. WinRM can be installed using a script that you can download from this link. Copy the entire script and paste it onto the notepad editor.

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Thereafter, ensure you save the WinRM script at the most convenient location. Navigate to the script location and run it. In this case, we have navigated to the Desktop location where we saved the script. This takes about a minute and you should get the output shown below.

The output shows that WinRM has successfully been installed. The output shows that we have indeed established a connection to the remote Windows 10 host from the Ansible Control node. This implies that we can now manage the remote Windows host using Ansible Playbooks.

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In this final section, we shall create a playbook and create a task that will install Chocolatey on the remote host. Chocolatey is a package manager for Windows system. The play is defined as shown:. The output is a pointer that all went well. And this concludes this topic on how you can manage Windows host using Ansible.

ansible winrm setup

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Ansible – Configure Windows servers as Ansible Client – winrm

With which command can I see or generate a file report Thanks, using this article I create a simple script to copy Hi there, Is there a procedure to upgrade the setup toSkip to content. Instantly share code, notes, and snippets. Code Revisions 3 Stars 2 Forks 1. Embed What would you like to do?

ansible winrm setup

Embed Embed this gist in your website. Share Copy sharable link for this gist. Learn more about clone URLs. Download ZIP. Requires -Version 3. All events are logged to the Windows EventLog, useful for unattended runs. Use option -Verbose in order to see the verbose output messages. Use option -CertValidityDays to specify how long this certificate is valid starting from today.

So you would specify -CertValidityDays to get a year valid certificate. Use option -DisableBasicAuth to disable basic authentication. Use option -SkipNetworkProfileCheck to skip the network profile check. Use option -SubjectName to specify the CN name of the certificate. This defaults to the system's hostname and generally should not be specified.

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Configure a Windows host for remote management with Ansible. Use option -CertValidityDays to specify how long this certificate is valid.

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So you would specify -CertValidityDays to get. Without specifying this the script will only run if the device's interfaces. Provide this switch if you want to enable.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

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I have some Ansible playbooks I want to run against some Windows hosts.

How to Manage Remote Windows Host using Ansible

I've followed the various Ansible guides for setting up WinRM and they have worked fine, but the default setups are very insecure and I want something more production ready.

However, the instructions for how to do this are incredibly sparse. So far I've done the following:. So far so good, the Windows side seems to work fine. However, getting Ansible to connect is proving a nightmare. On my Centos 7 'push box' I've done the following:. Learn more. Asked 2 years, 4 months ago. Active 2 months ago. Viewed 3k times. Some of my role steps require CredSSP to work reliably. Matt Matt 1 1 1 silver badge 3 3 bronze badges. NTLM is not acceptable, it's not secure.

Honestly I think it's bizarre that this sort of thing is not in the standard documentation. To clarify, SSL https uses certificates, Kerberos does not.I will do most of the configurations with Ansible to show some examples of the possible usage when Ansible is enabled. In any case you should get an idea of how to use Ansible against Windows server and what benefits it might give.

At start we will need to log in to the server with Remote desktop to be able to do the basic configuration for WinRM, but once that is done the fun with Ansible can begin. Note that there is a ready made script for enabling Winrm for Ansible, but I will go through the required steps as I do think it is good to know what it actually requires. You may use -Force -parameter for this command to just enable without the questions. You can verify the setup with command:. As you can see by default WinRM is enabled without TLS on port and while the traffic is actually encrypted in this port as well, client certificate authentication is not supported on this port.

For the purpose of this document I will be using self signed certificates. CA creation is a bit out of scope for this document so for information about creating your own CA, you may refer to for example this article or with Windows this article. First we need to import the CA certificate to the windows server unless that has been done alreadycopy the CA cert to the server and run:.

This will allow the Windows server to trust certificates signed by your CA. The certificate for the WinRM server needs be similar to any other server side certificate, so it needs to have Server Authentication -extension on. If you already have a server certificate available for your server, you may use that and skip this part. For more information about certificate requests, refer to this technet article. You may also use GUI for the certificate request if you wish, but for consistency I will only be describing command line approach.

Please note the FriendlyName in the template above, I will be using it to find the certificate later on, so if you use some other method for creating the cert, please add similar friendly name for that. After this, get the certificate request for example copy and paste the base64 encoded text to your CA and sign the cert. When you have the signed certificate, copy it to the server and accept the certificate:. First we need to check the certificate thumbprint for the certificate we requested note the friendly name here :.


We can now see that we have WinRM listening in two ports now:. It is possible to open access from anywhere instead of one IP only, but I strongly recommend limiting access if possible.

With basic ansible setup in place we still need to install pywinrm to enable WinRM support. Pywinrm is also available from EPEL, package named python2-winrm, but the package can be installed with Python pip as well as described on the pywinrm site.

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At the time of writing, EPEL only provides package for Python 2 only, so if and when Python 3 is needed, pip is the only option. On Ubuntu Install ca-certificates and enable dynamic configuration of CA certs:. On Ubuntu copy ca.

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